Russia has developed a “groundbreaking” draft Convention on cybercrime. The idea of Moscow, the document to replace the Budapest Convention, in which Russian authorities saw a threat to the sovereignty of the country
The Ministry of foreign Affairs of Russia has prepared a draft of the UN Convention “On cooperation in the field of combating cybercrime”. According to “Kommersant”, this week we discussed the project at a private event under the auspices of the United Nations in Vienna, and in the public domain it has not yet been published.
The Ministry of foreign Affairs prepared a document as an alternative to the Budapest Convention on cybercrime of 2001, which was signed by all countries of the Council of Europe, except Russia, the newspaper notes. Moscow did not accept the article of the Convention on “cross-border access to stored computer data” which allows different security services without formal notice to conduct operations in the computer networks of third countries. The Russian authorities considered that the provision of such opportunities to foreigners would threaten the security and sovereignty of the country.
The draft “Convention On cooperation in combating cybercrime” the Russian foreign Ministry called “innovative” and “universal”, emphasizing that it takes into account the many changes in the field of IT-crime that have occurred since 2001, and is acceptable to all member countries of the UN, not only for the West. A document developed by the Ministry of foreign Affairs, does not provide for possibilities of intervention of special services of some countries in other and includes a separate article on the protection of sovereignty, indicated by the “Kommersant”.
The main objective of the Convention labeled “promote and strengthen measures aimed at effective prevention of crimes and other illegal acts in the sphere of information and communication technologies (ICT) and fight with them.” Among these crimes mentioned illegal access to information in electronic form, unauthorized interception, unauthorized impacts on the information; disruption of the functioning of ICT, the collection of information in electronic form through the introduction of user confusion; offences related to protected domestic law; copyright infringement with the use of ICT, creation, use and distribution of malware, dissemination of spam; theft with the use of ICT; crime related to child pornography.