Photo: Natalia Garnelis / TASS
Chechnya and Dagestan are ranked last in the ranking of the economy of regions from the point of view of public procurement, which was prepared by the Analytical center for the government. The most economical region is the Crimea, but his leadership can be attributed to scheduling problems
Chechnya was the most wasteful Russian subject, follows from the rating of the effectiveness of the regional public procurement by the end of 2016, which was prepared by the Analytical center under the government of Russia (there RBC). The total volume of procurement involved in interregional analysis, amounted to 3.9 trillion rubles.
The criterion of economy, according to the Analytical center, reflects the amount of savings on public procurement, committed competitive ways, namely by what percentage the customer was able to reduce the price compared to the initial. In Chechnya the average percentage of savings on a single purchase amounted to just 2.7% in Dagestan, which ranked second-to-last place with 4%, in Kalmykia (the third) is 4.8%.
The most economical region is the Crimea, spends on each purchase average of 22.4% less than its initial price. The three leaders also includes Sevastopol and Lipetsk region, Moscow has occupied 25-e a place, and Saint-Petersburg — 19-E.
But the authors note that “thrift” in them, in fact, the technical definition is not in itself speaks about the quality of the procurement process. Moreover, she can speak about the ineffectiveness of the procurement.
The Ministry of economic development of Chechnya did not respond to a request RBC. The problem of ranking is that the authors gather information automatically, because of this, it can get bad data, reported by the Committee on public procurement of Dagestan. The Agency cites the example of the supply of textbooks in the Crimea: the initial auction price was $ 399,7 million rubles, and a contract was signed with a single supplier for 399,7 thousand rubles, for the account of which formed a considerable savings. In addition, “the average savings of over 20% raises the question of the correctness of the documentation” and speaks about the efficiency of procurement, emphasizes the Dagestan Ministry.
What was taken into account by experts
Frugality is one of the five indicators that are taken into account when calculating the overall rating of the effectiveness of public procurement in the regions. Experts in the government, for example, also calculated the competitive procurement, which includes the share of procurements made by competitive methods, the number of suppliers involved in the auctions, etc, the leaders were Saint-Petersburg (the share of competitive purchases there amounted to 92.4% by value), and Moscow (93,5%), and outsider — Kalmykia (53.5 per cent).
In podracing conflict, which reflects the number of identified procedural violations in the region, the last places were taken by Moscow and Dagestan — they have the most violations. In the capital the share of purchases on which the complaint in the FAS was found to be justified, amounted to 2.1% of all of the auctions, including cancelled and in Dagestan is 1.75%.
Conflict is the only criterion by which capital is significantly subsided (overall it ranked the effectiveness of the 18-th place). Business activity and, as a consequence, the number of complaints in Moscow is higher than in other regions, said the expert of the Analytical center of Anton Volkov. “If even a hint of violation of their rights in Moscow can apply to FAS, while in some other regions they may not pay attention to any signs of violations,” he said.
The Department of competition policy of Moscow, which is responsible for the procurement of capital, “radically” disagrees with the method of calculation, told RBC his representative. “It is inappropriate to compare the capital with the subjects as the amount of newspaper purchases and the number of procedural violations,” — said the Agency.
The most “suspicious” procurement was in the Ingushetia Republic and the Nenets Autonomous district. Experts include the relevant factor is the cost of the contract per day of its execution, the percentage of contracts with members who offered the maximum price, as well as an indicator of the “tightness” of the largest suppliers in the region, namely their share of contracts in terms of value.
In General, the most effective regions in the context of public procurement began Yaroslavl, Kemerovo and Tyumen region. Last place went to Kalmykia (see table).
Authority for public procurement in 2016 belonged to the Ministry of economic development, however, in April this year, the government handed them over to the Ministry of Finance. The representative of the Ministry of Finance on the strategy for priority actions in the field of public procurement said that “there is a transfer of cases from the Ministry of economic development and planning activities.”
What’s wrong with the economy of the regions
Frugality cannot be regarded as a positive criterion. Its high level “may indicate an insufficient level of planning in the region and increase the initial maximum price”, specify the authors in a research note. Often “there is a clear inverse correlation between position of the region in paratinga efficiency and effectiveness of planning”. Calculation of effective planning is based on the volume of purchases concluded in the end of the year, the number of changes in the procurement plans and the number of contracts fall 25% or more of the initial price.
In other words, it turns out that customers incorrectly estimate the initial price of the contract, says Volkov. Thrift properly be considered on the basis of the economic justification of the purchase, but now the law does not oblige customers to cook it, said the head of the Centre of public procurement Alexander Stroganov.
The situation when the region fails to save due to inefficient management, particularly noticeable in respect of Crimea and Sevastopol. Their high position in the ranking of thrift kompensiruet considerable lag in the effective planning: Crimea and Sevastopol are there on the penultimate and last place respectively, but Chechnya — at the 60th place, and Dagestan — 36. Changes in the schedule, which lowers the region’s position in the ranking of the effectiveness of planning mainly has to do because of the failed procedures to determine the supplier and distribution savings from the last procurement, told RBC press service of the government of Sevastopol. The Ministry of economic development of the Crimea at the request of RBK not answered.