According to the annual report of “Kaspersky Lab”, Russia was the leader in the prevalence of mobile banking “Trojans”, which are programs designed to steal financial information of users
In 2016, the number of installation of malicious programs on mobile devices around the world has increased three times in comparison with the year 2015 to 8.5 million, according to the report of the company “Kaspersky Lab” (there RBC). We are talking about containing virus programs that a user installs on the device as consciously (e.g., acquiring a questionable app in the store) and unconscious (already infected the device itself acquires and installs the app).
At the same time Russia was the leader in the number of mobile banking “Trojans”, which are programs designed to steal financial information of users. With this kind of threats faced 4% of mobile users. Followed by Australia with a share of 2.26%. “The most popular mobile banking Trojan Svpeng is spread mainly in Russia”, — stated in the message of the company. Last year the championship in this specialty ranking is South Korea with a share of 13.8% of all attacked users. Russia was third with 5.1%.
In terms of percentage of users attacked by mobile malware of all varieties, was the leader of Bangladesh, where 50,09% of owners of smartphones or tablets encountered viruses and malicious software. In three of Iran (46,87%) and Nepal (43,21%). Then comes China (last year occupied the first position; the three were also Nigeria and Syria).
In “Kaspersky Lab” these results explained by the fact that in these countries is very common so-called “advertising Trojans”, which have access to the system settings of the smartphone for display advertising. These programs may also steal financial information or to install third-party applications without the user’s knowledge.
As explained RBC, Victor Chebyshev, antivirus expert company, last year Bangladesh, Iran and Nepal have been flooded with cheap smartphones from China, which at the stage of factory Assembly was installed “Trojans”. “They, in turn, established other malicious applications that may also show advertising,” — said the expert.
Russia in the overall rating was on the 23rd place with 20% of attacked users (in 2015 and 21%). It should be borne in mind that the rating is based on data obtained by “Kaspersky Lab” from users of its products and therefore its results are influenced by the popular antivirus software company in the country.
“The trend is such that more and more attacks take place not in Russia. Though earlier Russia was almost always on the first place,” says Chebyshev. He also noted that former high position of Russia was associated with the boom of SMS Trojans that signed users for premium services. “But mobile operators have taken measures to combat this type of fraud, introduced a system of notification and subscription, charges. They supported the legislative initiative. Cyber criminals became unprofitable and dangerous to work in this way in Russia, and they switched to other markets, where there are no strict limitations and they can continue fearlessly to earn such fraud,” — said the representative of the laboratory.
At the same time, Chebyshev noted that this is partly offset by the influx of the Russian market of cheap Chinese devices which often come already infected.
At the same time in 2016, “Kaspersky Lab” recorded growth in the number of viruses masquerading as other apps in Google Play, in particular under the guide for the popular mobile game Pokemon Go. Analysts of “Kaspersky Lab” noted that this program from Google Play downloaded more than half a million times.
Still widespread “ransomware” that encrypts user data on the device and demanding money for their decryption. The most common in 2016 turned out to be mobile extortionist Trojan-Ransom.AndroidOS.Fusob. He attacked the users from Germany, USA and the UK, while avoiding certain other countries. After the Trojan was checking the system language, then was able to quit my job. For unlocking Trojan demanded a ransom of $100-200, which was necessary to make codes from prepaid cards iTunes.
In 2016, “Kaspersky Lab” is also the first time found a Trojan attacking home routers. “We see that attackers are getting crowded on the phone and they begin to interact with the outside world. Perhaps in 2017 we will see a full attack on the representatives of the Internet of things with mobile devices,” the company predicted.