Photo: Oleg Yakovlev / RBC
Russia considers the current model of management of the global Internet is illegitimate and intends to increase the role of governments in adoption of the decisions, told RBC assistant to the President Igor Schegolev
Russia intends to continue to make changes to the system of decision-making in the Corporation for the assigned names and IP addresses (ICANN). In an interview with RBC said the presidential aide Igor Shchegolev.
“We insist that the role of governments should be clearly spelled out and that she can’t just be deliberative,” — said Shchegolev.
Until the autumn of last year, ICANN was under the formal control structure of the Ministry of trade of the USA — National authority on telecommunications and information administration (NTIA). She had to review and approve requests to ICANN for a modification of the DNS root zone file — a kind of a catalogue with information about all existing top-level domains. Depends on the work of the global domain name system, including, for example, domains .EN .Of the Russian Federation. But October 1, 2016, the administrator moved on to a Public Technical Identifiers (PTI) — subsidiary of ICANN, the nonprofit Corporation for public benefit, registered in the state of California. A management model, which takes into account all voices, including business, academics, technical experts, civil society, governments and others — the best way to ensure that the Internet of tomorrow is left free, said the head of the Board of Directors of ICANN Stephen Crocker.
However, as said Igor Shchegolev, the reform has not improved the situation. “Before that though you could make a complaint to the US government if something was going on. And now this kind of Autonomous or non-profit organization that just works on American law. And American officials can say “We here at anything. Go to court in California to sue these guys”, — he said. According to the assistant to the President, the changes have not removed the question of the illegitimacy of the current system. “All the time will cause issues as operated by Internet connection, what happens to him. The country will be forced to seek technical and legal solutions that they are in this situation to protect”, — he said.
At the same time, according to Igor Shchegolev, Russia can put pressure on the international community with the Ministry of communications of the draft law on the Russian segment of the Internet. “Our foreign colleagues will understand that in the world there are processes that can be will cause them to think about the fact that still hold true reform of the international governance of the Internet”, — he explained.
We are talking about amendments to the law “On communications” published by the Ministry of communications on the portal Regulation.gov.ru in November 2016. The document provides a definition of critical infrastructure of the Internet and describes its basic elements are points of traffic exchange; infrastructure for Autonomous systems — sets of IP networks and routers managed by one or more operators; the national domain zone .EN .The Russian Federation and others Proposed to create a special “State information system ensuring the integrity, stability and security of functioning of the Russian national segment of the Internet (GIS), where legal entities and individual entrepreneurs that use IP addresses and Autonomous system as well as the owners of traffic exchange points will be required to provide information about the critical infrastructure. Telecom operators in the provision of services by traffic will have access only to the traffic exchange points, entered in the register of GIS. To Fund the GIS is offered from the universal service Fund is a special Fund where operators annually deduct 1.2% of revenue from telecommunications services.
Market participants made comments on the provisions of the draft. In particular, according to the Advisor of the PIR center Oleg Demidov, mandatory connection to the traffic exchange points from the GIS registry will lead to additional costs of operators whose size will depend on how much traffic exchange points in the end will contain the registry and each of them will have to connect the operators. Demidov admitted that with the GIS, the government can intervene in the routing policy, traffic operators, which in turn theoretically will allow the authorities to block a particular cross-border Internet traffic. Some of the interlocutors of RBC among participants of the Russian telecommunications market feared that the main objective of the proposed Ministry changes is to build a system similar to the Chinese “Golden shield”, which allows Eastern neighbours filter Internet traffic coming from outside.