Photo: Dado Ruvic / Reuters
By 2019, 30% of Russian agricultural enterprises will use the technology of the Internet of things (IoT) and to predict the seed using drones. This scenario provides a “road map” on introduction of high technologies in agriculture
The introduction of the concept of the Internet of things (IoT), optimization with the help of drones and private radio frequencies — such changes in agriculture provides a “road map” on introduction of high technologies in the industry. The document (a copy is available to RBC) developed by the experts of the Foundation for Internet development initiatives (Fria) with the participation of “open government”, Association of Internet of things and information technology Department of the Ministry of agriculture. The reason for the development was the presidential decree of July 21, 2016 “on the implementation of scientific-technical policy in the interests of agriculture” in the framework of the Strategy to improve food production by 2030.
Photo: Yuri Smityuk / TASS
As told RBC source close to developers of the document, “road map” have already been transferred to the Ministry for approval, after which the document will be sent to the Advisory Council by Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich.
The representative FRÍA Sergey Skripnikov confirmed RBC the drafting of the document and transmit it for approval to the Ministry of industry and trade.
What is the Internet of things?
The Internet of things (Internet of Things (IoT) — a global framework for interaction and exchange of information between the various devices, machines, systems via the Internet.
Drones in the fields
The authors of the document specify that described in the “road map” measures will help Russian agricultural products “to enter the international markets, and agriculture to work more efficiently.” According to Skripnikova, the authors of the program expect that by 2019 the share of Russian enterprises using the Internet of things in agriculture will reach 30% against current less than 0.05%. “We expect that the introduction of the Internet of things will also increase the share of domestic equipment developments based on this technology from 6 to 20% by 2019, by this time, plan to conduct about 20 pilot projects,” he added.
The “road map” describes the plan of implementation of high technologies into the lives of Russian farmers until 2019. From all of these areas, most likely in the third quarter of 2017, will be the fundamentals of state regulation of the sphere of drones for use by farmers (action — Ministry of industry and trade and the Ministry of communications with the expert Council under the government). Immediately after this, in the fourth quarter, the Ministry of transport, Ministry of economic development and the FSB should submit a plan to allocate to the drones radio frequencies to exchange information with the infrastructure of the farm. In addition, farmers should obtain easier access to mapping and meteorological data: useful to farmers for monitoring and crop forecasting.
The independent expert in the field of unmanned systems Denis Fedutinov said that the use of drones allows farmers, for example, to carry out aerial photography for planning or to make fertilizer. He recalled that similar experience already exists in several countries, such as Japan. There, according to the expert, the drones are used in agriculture for over 20 years. “Despite positive examples, the market for such UAVs and related services is still far from saturation, in the future this technique will become an integral part of agriculture,” he added.
A source in the FIDI, told RBC that the road map also provides for the simplification of the registration process communication facilities on the land plots of farmers. These objects include, for example, towers for wireless communication, which are necessary for the Informatization of the economy as a whole, and also for connection of sensors and other “farm” the Internet of things with the computer center and the database. For this purpose, the government may oblige the local authorities to give farmers land on lease for construction of communication lines. The linear facilities and communication facilities will cease to be objects of capital construction, but without loss of ownership rights.
Photo: Johnny Clark / AP
The owner of the farm “Beaver valley” Nikolay Durmanov considers that the unmanned aerial vehicles in farming in coming years will be very effective. He, in particular, uses winged drones to monitor the state of the fields, pastures and cattle grazing. Information from the drones on the quality of the pre-processing field allows you to save seed and fertilizer. The farmer noted the particularly great potential of drones in planning and carrying out expensive and complicated kulturtechnik reclamation of overgrown farmland. High efficiency, in his opinion, will have cargo drones with a payload of 100 kg and more: these machines are indispensable when handling chemicals where there is a small manned aircraft can’t work.
The cost of implementing all elements of the road map the authors do not specify. The technical Director of mail and cloud services Mail.Ru Group Denis Anikin, the cost of implementing IoT solutions for the agricultural enterprise, including software development, installation of the required equipment and the cost of integration can range from 30 million to 100 million rubles. According to the representative of another company — developer IoT solutions, on average, upgrading a single enterprise under the standards of use of such technologies can cost significantly less — about 1 million rbl. the average size of the enterprise, but on the condition that the part of expensive equipment (e.g. drones) of the company lease.
The Internet of things in the fields
Communication lines and towers, devices for collecting and processing information from sensors and other elements of farm Internet of things is the basic elements of Informatization APK according to the authors of the document. But how such systems are created and function in the “road map” is not exactly specified. The authors only provide that in the first quarter of 2018 will be “development of complex measures”, including guidelines for storage, processing and delivery of data.
On the calculation of the Deputy for technological development FRÍA Sergei Alimbekova, the system analysis as an element of the Internet of things allows you to save 20% of annual expenditures. “As for the extremes — there was a precedent when, after system implementation, the company managed to save more than 40% of diesel fuel, which had originally planned to spend on production,” — said Alimbekov.
As predicted previously the chief economist at General Electric, Marco Annunziata, if the industrial Internet will increase productivity by at least 1%, this will bring in 20 years $15 trillion to the global economy. The flourishing of the industrial Internet at General Electric called the year 2025, when the volume of this market will reach $43 trillion.