Photo: Alexander Kryazhev / RIA Novosti
The Ministry of communications proposed to clarify the bill on the online cinemas, with the deletion of wording, spreading new norms of social networks and popular services such as YouTube. Liberalisation of the law was supported and FAS
The Ministry of communications proposed to clarify several provisions of the bill governing the operation of digital audiovisual services, in particular online cinemas, because under the current version of the document, it applies to social networks and popular video services such as YouTube. Their proposals to adjust the legislative initiative, which at first reading was adopted by the state Duma on January 13, the Ministry in early February for approval to the Ministry of economic development, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of justice, Ministry of culture and the FAS (a copy of the document is at RBC).
The bill state Duma deputies Andrei Lugovoi and Saraliev proposes to prohibit foreign investors to own more than 20% of audiovisual services, the average daily audience that in the course of a month is more than 100 thousand users in the whole territory of Russia and more than 20 thousand — in one region of the country. The cinemas will be required to register in the registry of Roscomnadzor.
The danger of the spread of norms of the law on the social networks and popular video sharing in the Ministry of communications seen in the wording describing whom the bill does not apply. In the current version of the document approved by parliamentarians from the operation of law derived services provide “access only to audiovisual products posted by users — natural persons”. The Ministry has proposed to replace the word “solely” with “predominantly”, since YouTube content can place and company.
As explained RBC, the head of Department of regulation of communications and information technologies of the Federal Antimonopoly service Elena zaeva, according to the current wording of the bill, YouTube and social network is subject to restrictions, since they can accommodate not only the user but also the professional content.
The press Secretary of the Ministry of economic development Elena laskina added that to clarify the “distinction” of the content will be Bylaw which is prepared by the Roskomnadzor. “The Ministry supported this position, since the wording softens the position of the organizers of audiovisual services for content, that is, the greater the number of services not subject to the strict requirements of the bill,” said laskina.
In the Ministry of communications, Minculture and the Ministry of Finance did not answer the questions of RBC.
The FAS offer to withdraw from the regulation of a larger number of services. According to Seavoy, the service has proposed not to extend the law on the resources, if half or more of their users — residents of Russia or the provider of the service spreads abroad the products created on the territory of Russia. “FAS is committed to protecting the security of the Russian users, protection of the domestic market of Russia, growth of competitiveness of Russian goods, works and services on the international market,” said zaeva.
According to one of participants of the market, offers FAS will be derived from the operation of the law services such as Ivi.ru, Megogo and Okko. “Among the owners of these sites are foreigners, but the majority of users from Russia”, — said the interlocutor of RBC. According Kartoteka.ru, “Evie.ru”, LTD “Magogo” and “OKKO”, which is developing the eponymous services, now under the control of different offshore. “These initiatives FAS is aimed at maintaining the local players and not deform the market, in contrast to the requirements stipulated by the draft law passed the first reading,” — said General Director of OKKO Ivan Grodetskiy.
The Ministry also proposes to abandon the idea of disseminating the law on the “right to oblivion” (from 1 January 2016, the user can request from search engines to exclude from the issuance of inaccurate or outdated information) on online-cinemas. According to the Director of Megogo in Russia Victor Chekanova, the proposal to require online-cinemas delete on-demand users of the content with information not corresponding to reality, not originally have sense. “Legal professional services exclusively distribute licensed content are permitted for display in Russia. Imagine that some users will require to remove from the directory a fantastic movie because of the inconsistency of the plot of reality,” says Chekanov. Overall, in his opinion, there were “indications that the dialogue comes to a quality level.”
CEO of the Association “Internet video” Alex Bardin noted that the proposals of the Ministry of communications, and “particularly the position of the FAS will contribute to a significant improvement of the essence of the bill, to rid it of harmful and redundant constraints for our system”. “We welcome this trend and are waiting for the new version of the text of the bill where we believe that all sensible proposals will be reflected”, — said Bardin.
The date for the second reading of the bill, which was approved before March 1, 2017, is not appointed yet.